The goal of Task Force 2020 (TF2020) is to sustain and build upon the momentum and impact of DCO. TF2020 is charged with identifying structures and organizations that will keep the DCO legacy alive by proposing new ventures capitalizing on DCO’s international network of scientists, and building upon their many scientific achievements.
Should you have suggestions, questions, or comments regarding DCO’s legacy initiatives, please share them with the TF2020 members:
Task Force 2020
closeClaude JaupartInstitut de Physique du Globe de Paris, France
Dr. Claude Jaupart, is a professor at the Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris and at the Université Paris-Diderot, where has made major contributions to several areas of solid Earth science. His contributions include understanding the physics of volcanic eruptions, igneous processes in magma chambers and intrusions, geodynamics, in particular related to mantle convection and the role of continents, and heat flow in Earth. His work ranges from geophysical fluid dynamics to heat transport problems. He has recently co-authored a treatise onHeat Generation and Transport in the Earth. Jaupart is leading Task Force 2020, whose charge is to continue deep carbon science after the culmination of DCO in 2019.
closeNicolas ColticeENS/Université de Lyon, France
Dr. Nicolas Coltice is a professor in the Lab of Geology at University Lyon 1, Ecole Normale Supérieure and teaches in the Department of Earth Sciences. He is also affiliated with the Institut Universitaire de France. His research focuses on the long-term evolution of the silicate Earth (mantle and crust) and its impact on the environment using quantitative modeling.
closeAntonio CostaINGV Bologna, Italy
Dr. Antonio Costa is a Staff Researcher of Geophysics and Fluid Dynamics at the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), Bologna, Italy. His main research interests are the coupled fluid-rock mechanics of volcanic processes with particular emphasis on dynamics of magma flows, magma-rock interaction, physical properties of magma, fluid flows in hydrothermal systems, volcanic plume dynamics, tephra dispersal and atmospheric transport of volcanic ash, atmospheric dispersion of volcanic and hydrothermal gases, volcanic lakes, lava flow models, and volcanic hazards and risk assessment.
closeElizabeth CottrellSmithsonian Institution, USA
Dr. Elizabeth Cottrell is the curator-in-charge of National Rock and Ore Collections at the National Museum of Natural History at the Smithsonian Institution. Prior to that, she was director of the Smithsonian’s Global Volcanism Program. Her research focuses on understanding the long-term evolution of the planet, from the mechanism and chemical signature of planetary core formation 4.5 billion years ago, to the surface expression of Earth’s interior today at volcanoes around the globe. Cottrell is a fellow of the Mineralogical Society of America, a panelist for the National Science Foundation, a distinguished lecturer for the National Science Foundation’s Geodynamics at Rifting and Subducting Margins (GeoPrisms) program, and a member of DCO’s Task Force 2020.
closeUli HarmsGFZ-German Research Centre for Geosciences, Potsdam, Germany
Dr. Ulrich Harms heads the Centre for Scientific Drilling at the German Research Centre for Geosciences. He has a background in mineralogy and geochemistry and has specialized in bridging geoscience and drilling engineering. His interests include downhole instrument and borehole method development, data and sample management, and in core-log integration. Harms is the Executive Secretary for the International Continental Scientific Drilling Program (ICDP), and leads the Operational Support Group of ICDP.
closeRobert HazenGeophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution for Science, USA
DCO’s Executive Director Robert Hazen is a mineralogist and astrobiologist. He is a research scientist at the Carnegie Institution for Science in Washington, DC, and professor of Earth Science at George Mason University. Hazen is author of more than 400 articles and 20 books on science, history, and music. His recent research focuses on the role of minerals in the origin of life, including such processes as mineral-catalyzed organic synthesis and the selective adsorption of organic molecules on mineral surfaces. He has also developed a new approach to mineralogy, called "mineral evolution," which explores the co-evolution of the geo- and biospheres. His work has been recognized by Fellowship in the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the Geological Society of America, the Geochemical Society, and the Mineralogical Society of America. He was the 2016 recipient of the Roebling Medal—the highest award in mineralogy, and has received many other science research awards. The mineral hazenite was named in his honor.
closeBeth OrcuttBigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, USA
Dr. Beth Orcutt is a senior research scientist at the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences. She is a marine microbial biogeochemist who explores life below the seafloor in sediments and the oceanic crust. Orcutt's research focuses on understanding how microbes thrive in these deep-sea environments, and how their life impacts the cycling of elements on Earth. She is interested in which microbes can live on basalts and sulfides at the seafloor, and which geochemical processes occur on the rock surfaces. She is a member of the Deep Life Community and Task Force 2020.
closeKaryn L. RogersRennselaer Polytechnic Institute, USA
Dr. Karyn Rogers is an assistant professor in the Departments of Earth and Environmental Sciences and Biological Sciences at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. She is Co-Director of DCO’s PRIME (Piezophile Research Instrumentation for Microbial Exploration) Facility and Associate Director of the New York Center for Astrobiology. Rogers’ research focuses on the relationships between microbial communities and environmental conditions in extreme ecosystems, and is broadly applied to understanding the nature of the origin of life on Earth, the potential for life throughout the solar system, and the extent of life in modern extreme environments. She is a member of the Deep Life Community.
closeAnat ShaharGeophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution for Science, USA
Dr. Anat Shahar is a Staff Scientist at the Geophysical Laboratory at the Carnegie Institution for Science. The goal of her research is to understand the mechanisms responsible for stable isotope fractionation. She is particularly interested in how pressure and temperature affect the isotopic ratios of materials during planet formation and differentiation. Her research interests include stable isotope fractionation mechanisms; planetary differentiation; early solar system evolution; experimental determination of fractionation factors; high-pressure and temperature experiments; laser ablation and MC-ICPMS techniques. She is a member of the Extreme Physics and Chemistry Community.
closeJun TsuchiyaGeodynamics Research Center, Ehime University, Japan
Dr. Jun Tsuchiya is an associate professor at the Geodynamics Research Center at Ehime University. Her research focuses on elucidating the structure of Earth and other planets by computer simulation. Tsuchiya studies the structure and physical properties of volatile minerals at high pressure and temperature using the first-principles calculation method, together with observations of ultra-high pressure experiments and seismic waves.
Top image: Graphite, courtesy of the Rruff Database